ENGINEERING

Aerospace Engineering:

Aerospace engineers create different types of aircraft, satellites, missiles, and spacecraft. Aerospace engineers work on efficiency, speed, and how the hardware they design can function for certain missions. Aerospace engineers created commercial aircraft for people to fly across the world, military aircraft such as the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, and the fastest plane in the world, NASA’s X-43A, which can travel as fast as Mach 9.6 (about 7,000 miles per hour).

One of the first aerospace engineers was Leonardo Da Vinci with his sketches of the Ornithopter. The Ornithopter was sketched in the shape of a bird with wings flapping to keep it suspended in the air. Though Leonardo Da Vinci drew many sketches of the Ornithopter, he never actually created one.

Food Process Engineering:

Food process engineers research and develop products and processes. They also design processing, handling, and packaging equipment. Food process engineers work as plant engineers and they also keep factories running smoothly. Some food process engineers manage or supervisor other workers, some work in technical sales and service, and others act as specialized consultants and market products.

Food process engineers study in the fields of agricultural engineering, mechanical engineering and chemical engineering. Food process engineers provide the technological knowledge and ideas to make a cost-effective production and help the commercialization of food products and services.

Electrical Engineering:

Electrical engineering is the study of electricity, electronics, electromagnetism, and the design of electrical systems such as computers and telecommunications. The first electrical engineer was William Gilbert who in the 17th Century, created the Versorium, a device that detects statically charged objects.

Electrical engineering has had some positive impacts on society. Some of these are power, the automobile, airplanes, radio, television, microwave ovens, computers, the Internet, and video/DVD. To be an electrical engineer you must have a four-year bachelor’s degree in engineering and a two-year degree in a particular field of study. The income for this occupation is around $90,000.

Mechanical Engineering:

Mechanical engineering is a very broad subject that originates from the desire to design and manufacture everything from small individual parts and devices, such as micro-scale sensors and printer nozzles, to large complex systems, such as spacecraft and tools. Mechanical engineers take a product from an idea to the marketplace. They have to acquire specialized knowledge and skills in order to do so. They also have to understand the forces and environment that a product or subsystems will encounter. This helps them design for functionality, aesthetics, durability, and the best way to manufacture them and guarantee operation without failure.

Mechanical engineers also deal with anything that moves, including the human body. Mechanical engineers learn about materials, solid and fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, heat transfer, control, instrumentation, design, and manufacturing to understand mechanical systems.

Specific mechanical engineering subjects include biomechanics, cartilage and tissue engineering, energy conversion, laser-assisted materials processing, combustion, MEMS or Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems, microfluidic devices, fracture mechanics, nano-mechanics, mechanisms, micro-power generation, tribology (friction and wear), and vibrations.

Since mechanical engineering is such a broad field, mechanical engineering majors usually have a variety of potential careers. Regardless of the path engineers create for themselves, their education should have provided creative thinking that allows the engineers to design a system or product. These valuable skills learned during their education could also launch a career in medicine, law, consulting, management, banking, finance, etc.

Metallurgy Engineering:

There are three types of metallurgy engineering: extractive metallurgy, physical metallurgy, and mineral processing. Physical metallurgy is where the engineer processes products using various means. Extractive metallurgy is the when the engineer produces and purifies metals from concentrates and ores. Finally, mineral processing is when the engineer takes advantage of differences in physical and/or chemical properties. Metallurgic engineers work in laboratories, ore treatment plants, refineries, and steel mills. The B.S. Metallurgical Engineering degree trains the students to apply technology in converting natural mineral resources into different useful products for society. Metallurgy engineers must study advanced chemistry; metallurgical processes, modeling and control pyrometallurgy, and hydrometallurgy. The Fundamentals of Engineering Examination, administered by a State Board of Engineering Registration, must be taken by all mining and metallurgical engineering students during their senior year of study.

Positive and Negative Impacts on Society:

Positive impacts of engineers and engineering are the inventions that have helped society. Engineers have contributed to transportation, nutrition, electricity, machines, complex systems, and materials.

One negative impact from engineering is that it can be bad for the environment.  For example, mechanical engineers make cars and other forms of transportation which use fossil fuels and put out green house gases which can damage the environment.  In addition, many other forms of engineering deplete the limited number of natural resources on the Earth. 

We believe that the positive impacts of engineering outweigh the negatives.

Timeline of Engineering:

 

Engineering Interviews

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